SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2017
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Certain reclassifications have been made in the 2016 consolidated financial statements to conform to the 2017 presentation. These reclassifications have no effect on net income for 2016.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of these consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (U.S. GAAP) requires management to make a number of estimates and assumptions related to the reported amount of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include the cash flows used in the impairment testing of definite lived tangible and intangible assets; valuation allowances and reserves for receivables; revenue recognition related to contracts accounted for under the percentage of completion method; revenue recognition method for perpetual technology license agreements; share-based compensation; discontinued operations future consideration and carry amounts of equity investments. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
We consider all highly liquid debt investments with an original maturity of three months or less at the date of acquisition to be cash equivalents. Periodically, we maintain deposits in financial institutions in excess of federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to any significant credit risk on cash and cash equivalents. As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, we did not hold any assets that would be deemed to be cash equivalents.
Accounts Receivable and Concentration of Credit Risk
Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amounts less an allowance for doubtful accounts. The allowance for doubtful accounts is based on our estimate of the amount of probable credit losses in our accounts receivable. We determine the allowance for doubtful accounts based upon an aging of accounts receivable, historical experience and management judgment. Accounts receivable balances are periodically reviewed for collectability, and balances are charged off against the allowance when we determine that the potential for recovery is remote. An allowance for doubtful accounts of approximately $460,100 and $235,500 had been reserved as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
We are exposed to credit risk in the normal course of business, primarily related to accounts receivable. Our customers operate primarily in the oil production and refining, rail transport, biogas generating landfill and wastewater treatment industries in the United States. Accordingly, we are affected by the economic conditions in these industries as well as general economic conditions in the United States. To limit credit risk, management periodically reviews and evaluates the financial condition of its customers and maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts. As of December 31, 2016, we do not believe that we have significant credit risk.
As of December 31, 2017 we had four customers who comprised 10% or more of our accounts receivable and their combined accounts receivable equaled approximately $564,000. As of December 31, 2016, we had one customer who comprised 10% of our accounts receivable.
For the year ended December 31, 2017 we had no customer with sales in excess of 10% of our revenue. For the year ended December 31, 2016, we had one customer with sales in excess of 10% of our revenue and they represented approximately 17% of total revenues for the years ended December 31, 2016. The loss of this 2016 customer had a material adverse effect on our business, our results of operations and our working capital. In early 2016 we were notified by this significant customer that effective April 1, 2016 we would no longer be providing routine maintenance services but still be eligible to provide other industrial cleaning services. During 2016, the loss of revenue from this customer was approximately $2.5 million.
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market and maintained on a first in, first out basis.
The Company does not have any purchases from any one vendor comprising more that 10% of total purchases for 2017 and 2016. The Company does not believe it is substantially dependent upon nor exposed to any significant concentration risk related to purchases from any single vendor.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The carrying amounts of our financial instruments, including accounts receivable and accounts payable, are carried at cost, which approximates their fair value due to their short-term maturities. We believe that the carrying value of notes payable with third parties, including their current portion, approximate their fair value, as those instruments carry market interest rates based on our current financial condition and liquidity. We believe the amounts due to related parties also approximate their fair value, as their carried interest rates are consistent with those of our notes payable with third parties.
As defined in authoritative guidance, fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date (“exit price”). To estimate fair value, the Company utilizes market data or assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, including assumptions about risk and risks inherent in the inputs to the valuation technique. These inputs can be readily observable, market corroborated or generally unobservable.
The authoritative guidance establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (“Level 1” measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (“Level 3” measurements). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are as follows:
Level 1 - Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities.
Level 2 - Other inputs that are observable, directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices in markets that are not active, or inputs which are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.
Level 3 - Unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data and which the Company makes its own assumptions about how market participants would price the assets and liabilities.
In instances in which multiple levels of inputs are used to measure fair value, hierarchy classification is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and considers factors specific to the asset or liability.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are recorded at cost less accumulated depreciation. Expenditures for replacements, renewals and betterments are capitalized. Repairs and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred.
Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets of generally five to seven years for equipment, five to ten years for vehicles and three years for computer related assets. Assets are depreciated starting at the time they are placed into service. A portion of depreciation expense is charged to cost of product revenue on the consolidated statement of operations.
Leasehold improvements are amortized using the straight-line method over the shorter of the lease term (including reasonably assured renewal periods), which range from three to seven years, or their estimated useful life.
Intangible assets with estimable useful lives are amortized using the straight-line method over their respective estimated useful lives verses their estimated residual values, and are reviewed for impairment annually, or whenever events or circumstances indicate their carrying amount may not be recoverable. We conduct our annual impairment test on December 31 of each year. The Company has evaluated its intangibles for impairment and has determined that no impairment was necessary as of December 31, 2017.
Impairment of Long-lived Assets
We evaluate the carrying value of long-lived assets for impairment on an annual basis or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts may not be recoverable. Further testing of specific assets or grouping of assets is required when undiscounted future cash flows associated with the assets is less than their carrying amounts. An asset is considered to be impaired when the anticipated undiscounted future cash flows of an asset group are estimated to be less than its carrying value. The amount of impairment recognized is the difference between the carrying value of the asset group and its fair value. Fair value estimates are based on assumptions concerning the amount and timing of estimated future cash flows. We recorded impairment to three CoronaLux ™ units of approximately $354,000 and to five CoronaLux ™ units of $809,000 incurred due to lack of sale or license of the units for a period of more than 12 months since completion of the units for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
We recognize revenue related to contract projects and services when all of the following criteria are met: (i) persuasive evidence of an agreement exists, (ii) delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, (iii) the sales price is fixed or determinable, and (iv) collectability is reasonably assured. Our revenue is primarily comprised of services related to industrial cleaning and mobile railcar cleaning, which we recognize as services are rendered.
Product revenue generated from projects, which include the manufacturing of products, for removal and treatment of hazardous vapor and gasses is accounted for under the percentage-of-completion method for projects with durations in excess of three months and the completed-contract method for all other projects. Total estimated revenue includes all of the following: (1) the basic contract price, (2) contract options, and (3) change orders. Once contract performance is underway, we may experience changes in conditions, client requirements, specifications, designs, materials and expectations regarding the period of performance. Such changes are “change orders” and may be initiated by us or by our clients. In many cases, agreement with the client as to the terms of change orders is reached prior to work commencing; however, sometimes circumstances require that work progress without obtaining client agreement. Revenue related to change orders is recognized as costs are incurred if it is probable that costs will be recovered by changing the contract price. The Company does not incur pre-contract costs. Under the percentage-of-completion method, we recognize revenue primarily based on the ratio of costs incurred to date to total estimated contract costs. Provisions for estimated losses on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which the losses are identified and included as additional loss. Provisions for estimated losses on contracts are shown separately as liabilities on the balance sheet, if significant, except in circumstances in which related costs are accumulated on the balance sheet, in which case the provisions are deducted from the accumulated costs. A provision as a liability is reported as a current liability.
For contracts accounted for under the percentage-of-completion method, we include in current assets and current liabilities amounts related to construction contracts realizable and payable. Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts represent the excess of contract costs and profits recognized to date over billings to date, and are recognized as a current asset. Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts represents the excess of billings to date over the amount of contract costs and profits recognized to date, and are recognized as a current liability.
The Company’s revenues from waste destruction licensing agreements are recognized as a single accounting unit over the term of the license. In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 605, for revenues which contain multiple deliverables, the Company separates the deliverables into separate accounting units if they meet the following criteria: (i) the delivered items have a stand-alone value to the customer; (ii) the fair value of any undelivered items can be reliably determined; and (iii) if the arrangement includes a general right of return, delivery of the undelivered items is probable and substantially controlled by the seller. Deliverables that do not meet these criteria are combined with one or more other deliverables into one accounting unit. Revenue from each accounting unit is recognized based on the applicable accounting literature, primarily ASC 605.
The Company has five-year agreements with two companies in which the Company amortizes various fees on a straight-line basis over the initial five-year term of the agreement.
We account for stock-based awards at fair value on the date of grant, and recognize compensation over the service period that they are expected to vest. We estimate the fair value of stock options and stock purchase warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The estimated value of the portion of a stock-based award that is ultimately expected to vest, taking into consideration estimated forfeitures, is recognized as expense over the requisite service periods. The estimate of stock awards that will ultimately vest requires judgment, and to the extent that actual forfeitures differ from estimated forfeitures, such differences are accounted for using the simplified method to estimate the expected term of the option and recorded in the period that estimates are revised.
Research and Development
Research and development (“R&D”) costs are charged to expense as incurred and are included in selling, general and administrative costs in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. R&D expenses consist primarily of salaries, project materials, contract labor and other costs associated with ongoing product development and enhancement efforts. R&D expenses were $5,600 and $192,400 for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. R & D expenses are included in general and administrative expenses.
The Company accounts for income taxes pursuant to Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 740, Income Taxes, which utilizes the asset and liability method of computing deferred income taxes. The objective of this method is to establish deferred tax assets and liabilities for any temporary differences between the financial reporting basis and the tax basis of the Company’s assets and liabilities at enacted tax rates expected to be in effect when such amounts are realized or settled.
ASC 740 also provides detailed guidance for the financial statement recognition, measurement and disclosure of uncertain tax positions recognized in the financial statements. Tax positions must meet a “more-likely-than-not” recognition threshold at the effective date to be recognized. During the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 the Company recognized no adjustments for uncertain tax positions.
The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense. No interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions were recognized at December 31, 2017 and 2016. The Company expects no material changes to unrecognized tax positions within the next twelve months.
The Company has filed federal and state tax returns through December 31, 2016. The tax periods for the years ending December 31, 2010 through 2016 are open to examination by federal and state authorities.
Recently issued accounting pronouncements
Changes to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP) are established by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) in the form of accounting standards updates (ASU’s) to the FASB’s Accounting Standards Codification. The Company considers the applicability and impact of all new or revised ASU’s.
New Accounting Pronouncements Implemented
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued guidance creating Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Section 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”. The new section will replace Section 605, “Revenue Recognition” and creates modifications to various other revenue accounting standards for specialized transactions and industries. The section is intended to conform revenue accounting principles with a concurrently issued International Financial Reporting Standards with previously differing treatment between United States practice and those of much of the rest of the world, as well as, to enhance disclosures related to disaggregated revenue information. The updated guidance was effective for annual reporting periods beginning on or after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those annual periods. On July 9, 2015, the FASB approved a one year delay of the effective date. The Company will now adopt the new provisions of this accounting standard at the beginning of fiscal year 2018. The adoption of this ASC is not expected to have any impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, liquidity, or results of operations
In February 2016, the FASB issued new guidance related to leases that outlines a comprehensive lease accounting model and supersedes the current lease guidance. The new guidance requires lessees to recognize lease liabilities and corresponding right-of-use assets for all leases with lease terms of great than 12 months. It also changes the definition of a lease and expands the disclosure requirements of lease arrangements. The new guidance must be adopted using the modified retrospective approach and will be effective for the Company starting in the first quarter of fiscal 2019. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is in the process of determining the effects the adoption will have on its consolidated financial statements as well as whether to adopt the new guidance early.
In May 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2017-09, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting. The new guidance clarifies when to account for a change to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award as a modification. Under the new guidance, modification accounting is required only if the fair value, the vesting conditions, or the classification of the award (as equity or liability) changes as a result of the change in terms or conditions. ASU 2017-09 is effective for public entities for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within that reporting period. The Company is in the process of determining the effects the adoption will have on its consolidated financial statements
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef